This paper addresses if the law of Moses is still valid. I doubt it is complete, but this is the best I have so far. My goal is SHOWING SCRIPTURE TO LET THE READER SEE FOR THEMSELVES.
I would like to start off with a specific issue, a common teaching that says Jesus introduced harder and better commandments than are found in the old testament. Then enlarge to the broader topic of the law with many sub points.
Did Jesus introduce a new law about hate that was not in the old testament, and a new law about lust?
Jesus did say:
Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
Jesus did not say that this wicked anger was a new commandment, but I was taught it was a new teaching given by Jesus. Therefore one day I was surprised as I was reading the Bible as I found:
Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD. Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD. Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind: thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed: neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woollen come upon thee.
I was taught wrong. Many times I had been told this was not in the old testament!
Another common false, so called “Christian” teaching is that Jesus introduced a new teaching that we should not lust in our heart, but the old testament simply said not to commit adultery. It is said that Jesus made a greater and new commandment when he came. However, again, I found the word of God to say otherwise:
Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.
Then I saw that she was defiled, that they took both one way, And that she increased her whoredoms: for when she saw men pourtrayed upon the wall, the images of the Chaldeans pourtrayed with vermilion, Girded with girdles upon their loins, exceeding in dyed attire upon their heads, all of them princes to look to, after the manner of the Babylonians of Chaldea, the land of their nativity: And as soon as she saw them with her eyes, she doted upon them, and sent messengers unto them into Chaldea. And the Babylonians came to her into the bed of love, and they defiled her with their whoredom, and she was polluted with them, and her mind was alienated from them. So she discovered her whoredoms, and discovered her nakedness: then my mind was alienated from her, like as my mind was alienated from her sister.
And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.
2 Samuel 11:2
Bathsheba should not have exposed herself outside, and David should not have lusted after her. Both were wrong. She also went along with the escalation of the relationship when David called for her. Throughout the whole Bible God is concerned with the lust of the eyes. People in the old testament had weak flesh, and problems with what they saw with their eyes, just like in the new testament. We should neither tempt others nor give in to temptation.
But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me. So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels. Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, and Israel had walked in my ways!
To keep thee from the evil woman, from the flattery of the tongue of a strange woman. Lust not after her beauty in thine heart; neither let her take thee with her eyelids. For by means of a whorish woman a man is brought to a piece of bread: and the adulteress will hunt for the precious life.
I will also address the sabbath issue in particular, but first I would like to go back to the original question and address the issue of the law of Moses as a whole. There is much about this in the Bible, and is one of the most widely misunderstood issues I have ever encountered. I was faced with this issue growing up, and struggled with it. At one point in my life various scriptures made me realize that I had been taught wrong. My decision to pursue what the Bible says about the law of Moses, and study it for myself and eventually want to obey it all has been one of the biggest things many people dislike about me. Most people will not let me explain why I care about this.
GOD'S WAYS THAT PREDATE THE LAW OF MOSES
And he gave him the covenant of circumcision: and so Abraham begat Isaac, and circumcised him the eighth day; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat the twelve patriarchs.
Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin. Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.
Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise. Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
The covenant given to Abraham was long before the law of Moses was given. The sabbath itself goes all the way back to the beginning. We need to try and see the whole teaching of the Bible as a unified whole, the context for every particular scripture.
Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods? If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken; Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God? If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not. But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him.
WHAT IS THE LAW OF MOSES FOR?
Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
2 Timothy 2:15
Measurement is distinct from ability.
When people make things, they should test them to see if they work. A good craftsman that makes chairs, tests that they hold weight, perhaps by sitting in them. Someone that sells bags of food in a market by weight needs a measuring scale. Once the scale is used for a bag of food, and the food is the proper weight, the merchant would be foolish to throw the scale away. So we should not discard the law of Moses. The scale did not enable the merchant to fill the bag, but it is needed for its simple purpose of measuring. It is a standard.
God has standards. Standards are distinct from the power to live by those standards. These are two different things.
The law God gave Moses simply measures righteousness, it never can make anyone righteous. Someone who is not born again is a slave to sin, and thus CAN NOT obey the law of God. It is simply impossible for that person to love God, and others as themselves, which is the summation of the law. The law is just a standard that measures the sinner's life and shows that he is lacking. The law has no power to change anyone.
There are two laws in the gospel, this is why we have two testaments in the Bible. The law of Moses is the first law, the law of faith is the second law.
the second law:
The law of faith commands people that they must repent of unbelief and trying to earn eternal life by their works. The only man to have kept the law of Moses PERFECTLY is Jesus. Jesus as a man lived perfectly righteously according to the law of Moses that God gave. Sinners must have faith in the imputed righteousness of Christ. Whereas the first law has no power to change lost sinners, the law of faith DOES! A child of God is reconciled to the father through Jesus, and receives the Holy Spirit. They then have the power to love as is commanded in the law of Moses.
Two testaments, two purposes. The first points to the need, showing that a second law is necessary. The second gives the power to measure up!
The law of Moses:
- is summed up as loving God with all your heart, soul, mind and strength, and your neighbor as yourself.
- is the standard by which to measure if someone is righteous and deserves eternal life.
- is for showing lost men and women that they are worthy of death.
- points to the law of faith as the solution to lost men and women.
The law of Moses measures love.
Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD: And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.
And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul, To keep the commandments of the LORD, and his statutes, which I command thee this day for thy good?
And it shall come to pass, if ye shall hearken diligently unto my commandments which I command you this day, to love the LORD your God, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul,
If there arise among you a prophet, or a dreamer of dreams, and giveth thee a sign or a wonder, And the sign or the wonder come to pass, whereof he spake unto thee, saying, Let us go after other gods, which thou hast not known, and let us serve them; Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams: for the LORD your God proveth you, to know whether ye love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.
And the LORD thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live.
But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of the LORD charged you, to love the LORD your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul.
Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying, Master, which is the great commandment in the law? Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.
And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all? And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment. And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.
Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.
For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well:
Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.
1 John 3:4
By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his commandments. For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.
1 John 5:2-3
The law of Moses tests who measures up to love:
A just weight and balance are the LORD'S: all the weights of the bag are his work.
Divers weights, and divers measures, both of them are alike abomination to the LORD.
Divers weights are an abomination unto the LORD; and a false balance is not good.
love is to? obey
the law of Moses
What is sin? disobeying the law of Moses
The law simply measures these things. The law of Moses gives no power to keep the law of Moses.
But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of the LORD God of Israel with all his heart: for he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, which made Israel to sin.
2 Kings 10:31
(For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified. For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves: Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)
God is the creator of nature. God is the giver of the law of Moses. Our creator works in our conscience. All these agree because it is from the same God.
Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.
But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors. For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.
Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.
1 John 3:4
God's standard not man's standard:
And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.
There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet is not washed from their filthiness.
Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight! Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink: Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him! Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. Therefore is the anger of the LORD kindled against his people, and he hath stretched forth his hand against them, and hath smitten them: and the hills did tremble, and their carcases were torn in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
- - - - - - -
a humble man contrasted with people that could not blush and who justifed their sins:
And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head, and our trespass is grown up unto the heavens. Since the days of our fathers have we been in a great trespass unto this day; and for our iniquities have we, our kings, and our priests, been delivered into the hand of the kings of the lands, to the sword, to captivity, and to a spoil, and to confusion of face, as it is this day. And now for a little space grace hath been shewed from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a nail in his holy place, that our God may lighten our eyes, and give us a little reviving in our bondage. For we were bondmen; yet our God hath not forsaken us in our bondage, but hath extended mercy unto us in the sight of the kings of Persia, to give us a reviving, to set up the house of our God, and to repair the desolations thereof, and to give us a wall in Judah and in Jerusalem. And now, O our God, what shall we say after this? for we have forsaken thy commandments, Which thou hast commanded by thy servants the prophets, saying, The land, unto which ye go to possess it, is an unclean land with the filthiness of the people of the lands, with their abominations, which have filled it from one end to another with their uncleanness.
Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: therefore they shall fall among them that fall: at the time that I visit them they shall be cast down, saith the LORD. Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk therein.
- - - - - - -
Behold, I will corrupt your seed, and spread dung upon your faces, even the dung of your solemn feasts; and one shall take you away with it.
That this is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will not hear the law of the LORD: Which say to the seers, See not; and to the prophets, Prophesy not unto us right things, speak unto us smooth things, prophesy deceits:
And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them. For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret. But all things that are reproved are made manifest by the light: for whatsoever doth make manifest is light.
sinners need to see that they are lost, before they can get saved:
a simple truth:
do all the law perfectly = live
do not do all the law perfectly = die
For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.
All have sinned = did not do law = do not live = deserve death
Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.
(For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.
Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die.
The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.
For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.
Notice, this is what Jesus said! Many people think that the Pharisees kept the law. NO Pharisee ever kept the law. Judaism is full of failures who water down the measuring tool. The main text of Judaism (which came from the Pharisees and proselytes) is the Talmud. The main function of the Talmud is "situational ethics" which makes excuses for sin while trying to seem righteous.
Here they are affecting real Christians. Instead of glorying in God, they glory even in the flesh of real Christians they affect with their perverted Judaism. Strange but true.
Remember how Jesus spoke to the Pharisees?
Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.
Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keepeth the law? Why go ye about to kill me?
The Pharisees failed the measurement test. They tried to gain eternal life by the law of Moses, which is the wrong and eternally deadly thing to do. They did not learn the lesson of the law that they were lost sinners who needed to receive the law of faith by Jesus, who they hated so much.
Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life.
lost men and women:
Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem, saying, Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread. But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition? For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death. But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying, This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me. But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
This is the most basic problem with lost sinners no matter how irreligious or religious they seem. It is a matter of belief in the truth for eternal life, or unbelief swayed by false doctrine including "works salvation" unto eternal damnation.
The Pharisees talked about keeping the law for gaining righteousness (unbiblical), and then watered down the law to a false standard (proving that they failed the test that the law as a school master is. They did not measure up to the real standard.) Jesus contended with them for altering the law of Moses by their tradition.
Jesus clearly stated that they failed to keep the law:
Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keepeth the law? Why go ye about to kill me?
Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.
But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which vail is done away in Christ. But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart. Nevertheless when it shall turn to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away.
2 Corinthians 3:14-16
Many Pharisees went to hell trying "to keep the law" for eternal life.
the curse of the law:
The curse of the law is the eternal damnation people are under when they are lost. The wages of sin is death.
Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse; A blessing, if ye obey the commandments of the LORD your God, which I command you this day: And a curse, if ye will not obey the commandments of the LORD your God, but turn aside out of the way which I command you this day, to go after other gods, which ye have not known.
Cursed be he that confirmeth not all the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say, Amen.
For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe and to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth: And all these blessings shall come on thee, and overtake thee, if thou shalt hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God. Blessed shalt thou be in the city, and blessed shalt thou be in the field. Blessed shall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of thy ground, and the fruit of thy cattle, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep. Blessed shall be thy basket and thy store. Blessed shalt thou be when thou comest in, and blessed shalt thou be when thou goest out. The LORD shall cause thine enemies that rise up against thee to be smitten before thy face: they shall come out against thee one way, and flee before thee seven ways. The LORD shall command the blessing upon thee in thy storehouses, and in all that thou settest thine hand unto; and he shall bless thee in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. The LORD shall establish thee an holy people unto himself, as he hath sworn unto thee, if thou shalt keep the commandments of the LORD thy God, and walk in his ways. And all people of the earth shall see that thou art called by the name of the LORD; and they shall be afraid of thee. And the LORD shall make thee plenteous in goods, in the fruit of thy body, and in the fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit of thy ground, in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers to give thee. The LORD shall open unto thee his good treasure, the heaven to give the rain unto thy land in his season, and to bless all the work of thine hand: and thou shalt lend unto many nations, and thou shalt not borrow. And the LORD shall make thee the head, and not the tail; and thou shalt be above only, and thou shalt not be beneath; if that thou hearken unto the commandments of the LORD thy God, which I command thee this day, to observe and to do them: And thou shalt not go aside from any of the words which I command thee this day, to the right hand, or to the left, to go after other gods to serve them. But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee: Cursed shalt thou be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in the field. Cursed shall be thy basket and thy store. Cursed shall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of thy land, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep. Cursed shalt thou be when thou comest in, and cursed shalt thou be when thou goest out. The LORD shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, and rebuke, in all that thou settest thine hand unto for to do, until thou be destroyed, and until thou perish quickly; because of the wickedness of thy doings, whereby thou hast forsaken me. The LORD shall make the pestilence cleave unto thee, until he have consumed thee from off the land, whither thou goest to possess it. The LORD shall smite thee with a consumption, and with a fever, and with an inflammation, and with an extreme burning, and with the sword, and with blasting, and with mildew; and they shall pursue thee until thou perish. And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron. The LORD shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed. The LORD shall cause thee to be smitten before thine enemies: thou shalt go out one way against them, and flee seven ways before them: and shalt be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth. And thy carcase shall be meat unto all fowls of the air, and unto the beasts of the earth, and no man shall fray them away. The LORD will smite thee with the botch of Egypt, and with the emerods, and with the scab, and with the itch, whereof thou canst not be healed. The LORD shall smite thee with madness, and blindness, and astonishment of heart: And thou shalt grope at noonday, as the blind gropeth in darkness, and thou shalt not prosper in thy ways: and thou shalt be only oppressed and spoiled evermore, and no man shall save thee. Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her: thou shalt build an house, and thou shalt not dwell therein: thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not gather the grapes thereof. Thine ox shall be slain before thine eyes, and thou shalt not eat thereof: thine ass shall be violently taken away from before thy face, and shall not be restored to thee: thy sheep shall be given unto thine enemies, and thou shalt have none to rescue them. Thy sons and thy daughters shall be given unto another people, and thine eyes shall look, and fail with longing for them all the day long: and there shall be no might in thine hand. The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway: So that thou shalt be mad for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see. The LORD shall smite thee in the knees, and in the legs, with a sore botch that cannot be healed, from the sole of thy foot unto the top of thy head. The LORD shall bring thee, and thy king which thou shalt set over thee, unto a nation which neither thou nor thy fathers have known; and there shalt thou serve other gods, wood and stone. And thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all nations whither the LORD shall lead thee. Thou shalt carry much seed out into the field, and shalt gather but little in; for the locust shall consume it. Thou shalt plant vineyards, and dress them, but shalt neither drink of the wine, nor gather the grapes; for the worms shall eat them. Thou shalt have olive trees throughout all thy coasts, but thou shalt not anoint thyself with the oil; for thine olive shall cast his fruit. Thou shalt beget sons and daughters, but thou shalt not enjoy them; for they shall go into captivity. All thy trees and fruit of thy land shall the locust consume. The stranger that is within thee shall get up above thee very high; and thou shalt come down very low. He shall lend to thee, and thou shalt not lend to him: he shall be the head, and thou shalt be the tail. Moreover all these curses shall come upon thee, and shall pursue thee, and overtake thee, till thou be destroyed; because thou hearkenedst not unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep his commandments and his statutes which he commanded thee: And they shall be upon thee for a sign and for a wonder, and upon thy seed for ever. Because thou servedst not the LORD thy God with joyfulness, and with gladness of heart, for the abundance of all things; Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies which the LORD shall send against thee, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in want of all things: and he shall put a yoke of iron upon thy neck, until he have destroyed thee. The LORD shall bring a nation against thee from far, from the end of the earth, as swift as the eagle flieth; a nation whose tongue thou shalt not understand; A nation of fierce countenance, which shall not regard the person of the old, nor shew favour to the young: And he shall eat the fruit of thy cattle, and the fruit of thy land, until thou be destroyed: which also shall not leave thee either corn, wine, or oil, or the increase of thy kine, or flocks of thy sheep, until he have destroyed thee. And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until thy high and fenced walls come down, wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land: and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the LORD thy God hath given thee. And thou shalt eat the fruit of thine own body, the flesh of thy sons and of thy daughters, which the LORD thy God hath given thee, in the siege, and in the straitness, wherewith thine enemies shall distress thee: So that the man that is tender among you, and very delicate, his eye shall be evil toward his brother, and toward the wife of his bosom, and toward the remnant of his children which he shall leave: So that he will not give to any of them of the flesh of his children whom he shall eat: because he hath nothing left him in the siege, and in the straitness, wherewith thine enemies shall distress thee in all thy gates. The tender and delicate woman among you, which would not adventure to set the sole of her foot upon the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter, And toward her young one that cometh out from between her feet, and toward her children which she shall bear: for she shall eat them for want of all things secretly in the siege and straitness, wherewith thine enemy shall distress thee in thy gates. If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, THE LORD THY GOD; Then the LORD will make thy plagues wonderful, and the plagues of thy seed, even great plagues, and of long continuance, and sore sicknesses, and of long continuance. Moreover he will bring upon thee all the diseases of Egypt, which thou wast afraid of; and they shall cleave unto thee. Also every sickness, and every plague, which is not written in the book of this law, them will the LORD bring upon thee, until thou be destroyed. And ye shall be left few in number, whereas ye were as the stars of heaven for multitude; because thou wouldest not obey the voice of the LORD thy God. And it shall come to pass, that as the LORD rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you; so the LORD will rejoice over you to destroy you, and to bring you to nought; and ye shall be plucked from off the land whither thou goest to possess it. And the LORD shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, even wood and stone. And among these nations shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have rest: but the LORD shall give thee there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind: And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee; and thou shalt fear day and night, and shalt have none assurance of thy life: In the morning thou shalt say, Would God it were even! and at even thou shalt say, Would God it were morning! for the fear of thine heart wherewith thou shalt fear, and for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see. And the LORD shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy you.
The following scripture shows an example of people headed to hell because they trusted in their works, and did not learn the lesson of the schoolmaster, the law of Moses.
Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
In order to be born again by the law of faith, people need to see that they are LOST.
The measuring tool, the mirror, the school master! Lesson of the schoolmaster, the law of Moses: we fail to meet God's standard, we need the Messiah our saviour! Over and over God shows this. It is important to not forget the exact nature of the first law. It is the standard of LOVE!
People can gain eternal life ONLY by the law of Faith:
And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith.
The holy scriptures talk of these two laws over and over.
For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone; As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid. For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor. For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God. I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.
I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.
Again, the standard does not change someone.
This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh? Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if it be yet in vain. He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, doeth he it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith. And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto. Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise. Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.
Again, this is teaching that the power is in the law of faith. Salvation is from hell and the second death (the lake of fire), from the bondage of sin, from this wicked world, and from the curse on creation. We not only receive the Spirit into ourselves by becoming born again, the process toward final sanctification does not ever stop until we are conformed to the image of Jesus. We should always keep the roles of these two laws clear.
Real born again, believing, washed in the blood Christians are no longer under the death sentence. The wages of sin is death. The eternal life was earned by Jesus and his righteousness applied to us. The curse of the law is specifically found in Deuteronomy 28 and 29 (which I listed above).
Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,
Abraham was justified by faith before the law. The law was given later as a written standard of sin. A codified measuring tool, the mirror, to show sinners that they are sinners. It is like a written conscience 1. showing sinners that they do not meet the standard and 2. testing the lives of real Christians to show how much they have changed. No one is allowed to make up their own standard which measures righteousness and love, or sin. Over and over Galations shows this, about being grafted into Israel, even children of Abraham, of the same faith. God's plan to save people through history is unbroken.
The seed of Abraham, that this scripture is speaking of, is JESUS.
Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.
Real love is by the Spirit.
But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law. And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts. If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit. Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.
Exactly, a born again individual being changed, and bearing fruit by the Holy Ghost measures up more and more, until one day total purity!
But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:
2 Peter 1:19
Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ.
Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; And did all eat the same spiritual meat; And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents. Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer. Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it. Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.
1 Corinthians 10:1-14
What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid. Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness? But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you. Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness. I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.
Love enabled. Real Christians are free from sin, and can obey God.
CONCERNS ABOUT THE LAW OF MOSES:
There are several false teachings about the law of Moses. I will go through the ones I know about, one at a time, specifically.
UNDER THE LAW:
This is one phrase I have heard very often when people realize that I desire (from my heart, by the Holy Ghost) to live by the law of Moses. "I am not under the law" is one of the most common phrases people tell me over and over, or they express concern that I am "under the law". I am not under the curse of the law, deserving death. I have eternal life! This simply means that I no longer deserve the wages of sin, in fact I am being changed by the power of God! This is the usual meaning, though I will show at least one other use.
Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace. What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid.
The law of faith is NOT for gaining eternal life in order to sin freely, but to be a new creature able to love like no unsaved person can.
But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
Here we can see that Jesus was "made under the law". This is referring to his being the "son of man". Because of this he could live righteously, to have righteousness lived as a man to give to us, and he also was a just sacrifice in our place, as a man. Jesus is the ONLY man to obey the law perfectly. Only in Jesus could the justice and wrath of God be properly satisfied. By his love he sent his son. By love Jesus died. God is love.
Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods. But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage? Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years. I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain. Brethren, I beseech you, be as I am; for I am as ye are: ye have not injured me at all.
He is addressing people that used to worship false gods, not who those who followed Judaism. SO, he was not trying to get them to stop observing the feasts of God.
Sinners are under the law, but Jesus did what HAD to be done, he was given the curse of the law in our place! The bondage the scripture is speaking of here is bondage to death by sin NOT "bondage to the law of Moses".
Observing days does not just have to do with the law of Moses, people can try to please God by made up days, such as Christmas, Easter, or particular days and times of local tradition.
1. Only God's calendar of Holy Days is lawful
2. Not even a real Christian can think that false works brings power and favor in their lives.
But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience, Persecutions, afflictions, which came unto me at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra; what persecutions I endured: but out of them all the Lord delivered me. Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution. But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived. But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them; And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.
2 Timothy 3:10-17
I will address more of Galatians 4 later in this file. It was a hard lesson for me to learn, but now I know that Christians can bear with some unbelievers as if they are Christians. This is very harmful spiritually. However back to the topic at hand before I digress to far.
more on about what it means to be under the law,
His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.
Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias. And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink. The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save him. Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many. Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.
To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.
But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.
It does not say "ye are not under the ceremonial part of the law". We can murder, lust, covet, steal, make idols, and break all sorts of laws of Moses, and still have eternal life. This is true, but for those real Christians that may do this they may be ignoring that sin is deceptive, and that love is good, sin is bad. Also they may wish to forget the chastening of God, but God does chasten his children. The ultimate chastening is death when he no longer lets them misuse their temple of the Holy Ghost in this way.
Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.
1 Corinthians 11:27-31
bound by the law:
A related phrase that many people have disparaged me with is that I am "bound by the law". They misused this phrase. Here is what it means:
Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband. So then if, while her husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man. Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God. For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death. But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.
The wife is bound by the law as long as her husband liveth; but if her husband be dead, she is at liberty to be married to whom she will; only in the Lord.
1 Corinthians 7:39
There is a lot being spoken of in this scripture. Being bound by the law is like being bound by the laws of physics. The law defines sin. If someone marries me she shall be bound by the law to me as long as I live. This is good, not bad. It is simply the right way of the Lord. She does not earn eternal life by this, that would be not believing that the law is simply a measuring tool of right and wrong. I am bound by the law in that I also am measured by it. I also would be bound by the law to her. Marriage has rules made by God that are good. This is simply right. I would also be bound by the law to love her and treat her right, and take marriage seriously in all its aspects. The way that I can keep the law is by the law of faith. God my father gives me strength. Being bound by the law is orderly and good.
Should part of the law of Moses be ignored?
born again children of God can and should obey the Mosaic law out of love:
Some people teach that the law is split into "moral" and "ceremonial". The Bible does not teach this. These words do not even occur in the Bible.
Why would this even be an issue? I am not sure, but I have read that emperor Hadrian in the Roman empire was persecuting people that were concerned about the sabbath and other old testament laws. This included professing Christians (I doubt they were all real Christians) as well as Jews. So the story goes that the professing Christians took on traditions (which is not scriptural) that could distinguish their practices more easily from Jews to try and avoid persecution. I myself was raised in various "evangelical" churches where sunday was either called a new sabbath rest, or simply a day of meeting and worship. I have never heard consensus on various Mosaic laws in these types of churches. The only usual agreement is that, at least in part, the law of Moses has been "abolished". There is no agreement on circumcision, tithing, divorce, images "of God", men wearing women's clothing such as dresses/frocks, eating blood, or many other Mosaic laws. But being raised this way I am fully aware that it "felt normal" to "go to church" every sunday. When I got older I also realized depending on the church, they simply would invent tradition for that particular church that became held in high regard.
When I started caring about the law of Moses more after studying the issue by the holy scriptures for myself, I kept hearing that the "ceremonial" law was done away with. As noted above there is no "Christian consensus" as to what this actually is.
The law given by Moses measures gentiles not just Hebrews:
One teaching says that the law was only for the Jews/Hebrews, never for gentiles. The Bible shows otherwise:
Ye shall therefore keep all my statutes, and all my judgments, and do them: that the land, whither I bring you to dwell therein, spue you not out. And ye shall not walk in the manners of the nation, which I cast out before you: for they committed all these things, and therefore I abhorred them.
This particular scripture also shows that God judged according to the law even before it was given. THE LAW DEALS WITH RIGHT AND WRONG, measurement of if someone loves God or not, not just those born of Abraham physically.
Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for one of your own country: for I am the LORD your God.
When thou art come into the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations. There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer. For all that do these things are an abomination unto the LORD: and because of these abominations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee. Thou shalt be perfect with the LORD thy God. For these nations, which thou shalt possess, hearkened unto observers of times, and unto diviners: but as for thee, the LORD thy God hath not suffered thee so to do.
Gather the people together, men, and women, and children, and thy stranger that is within thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your God, and observe to do all the words of this law:
And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore. The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.
And the children of Israel, which were come again out of captivity, and all such as had separated themselves unto them from the filthiness of the heathen of the land, to seek the LORD God of Israel, did eat, And kept the feast of unleavened bread seven days with joy: for the LORD had made them joyful, and turned the heart of the king of Assyria unto them, to strengthen their hands in the work of the house of God, the God of Israel.
And now, O our God, what shall we say after this? for we have forsaken thy commandments, Which thou hast commanded by thy servants the prophets, saying, The land, unto which ye go to possess it, is an unclean land with the filthiness of the people of the lands, with their abominations, which have filled it from one end to another with their uncleanness.
In that day shall there be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to the LORD. And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry unto the LORD because of the oppressors, and he shall send them a saviour, and a great one, and he shall deliver them. And the LORD shall be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know the LORD in that day, and shall do sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow a vow unto the LORD, and perform it. And the LORD shall smite Egypt: he shall smite and heal it: and they shall return even to the LORD, and he shall be intreated of them, and shall heal them. In that day shall there be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria, and the Egyptians shall serve with the Assyrians. In that day shall Israel be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land: Whom the LORD of hosts shall bless, saying, Blessed be Egypt my people, and Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel mine inheritance.
Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be his servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant; Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people.
Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion: for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the LORD. And many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and shall be my people: and I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto thee.
And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles. And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain. And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, that have no rain; there shall be the plague, wherewith the LORD will smite the heathen that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles. This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all nations that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.
For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith the LORD of hosts.
And the multitude said, This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee. And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves, And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves.
For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves: Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)
New Testament “only”:
A variety of this teaching says that only Mosaic laws that are repeated in the new testament should be obeyed. If this view is taken logically, many Mosaic laws would not be binding on Christians.
There over six hundred specific instructions in the Mosaic law. Some of the ones not repeated in the new testament specifically are:
- no marking in the flesh such as tattoos
- no bestiality
- men not wearing womens clothing
- not marrying siblings (physical sisters or brothers) which can cause birth defects
- other marriage laws which highly reduce birth defects of children
- not eating rats, armadillos, cockroaches, centipedes, pufferfish, green mussels, and many other unclean creatures that can cause disease and alter blood chemistry
- not mating horses with cows
- ecological agriculture laws which increase food nutrient density
- defending women from rape
- various specific laws to protect and help the poor including ways to escape slavery (such as freeing slaves and giving them material possessions when they are let go), and gleaning of fields for food as gifts to the poor.
- various holy days (the word holidays come from this phrase) that point to the work of Jesus Christ
- hair cutting laws which do not allow beard shaping into side burns, striped beards, or wearing the hair on the head as mohawks, among other things
- prohibition from cutting our bodies for the dead
- specific cities in Israel for refuge for people that accidentally killed someone
Another teaching says that Jesus destroyed the law. But this is what Jesus himself said:
Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
Real Christians have a righteousness that exceeds the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, the righteousness of Christ! They have the power to obey which is to love. This is a wonderful truth.
Problems with disagreeing with the law comes from things like "Christian" tradition (doing things wrong in the name of Jesus, against his own words), and not wanting to conform to the law because either not being born again, or wanting to hang onto some cherished sins, or fear or admiration of men.
For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
We need to be careful of doctrine that allows sin "by grace".
I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.
When a person becomes a Christian, they are like a little baby, they need to grow. Wanting to obey every bit of the law may take some time, or never happen in many Christians lives before they die. Does this make them go to hell? of course not. Eternal life can not "be lost". A child once born is always the father's child, even for those who are born again. But it is sad not to want to love fully. It is also dangerous. God is a loving father even when he chastens us, but his chastening is scary. Chastening hurts.
Also, yes, real born again believers should walk as Jesus walked:
He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.
1 John 2:6
Here are some specific testimonies of the walk of Jesus the Messiah:
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.
Now the Jews' feast of tabernacles was at hand.
But when his brethren were gone up, then went he also up unto the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret.
Jesus kept the feasts of the law.
Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
1 Corinthians 5:7-8
And did not Jesus say the following.
And Jesus saith unto him, See thou tell no man; but go thy way, shew thyself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.
And saith unto him, See thou say nothing to any man: but go thy way, shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing those things which Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.
And he charged him to tell no man: but go, and shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing, according as Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.
the first day of the week:
I have often been told that the first day of the week negates the sabbath day. Jesus rising on this day is said to be the reason. This particular teaching takes at least a couple of forms:
- some say the first day replaces the sabbath as a new sabbath of physical rest
- some say there is no more day of physical rest because of the rest Jesus provides.
However here are scriptures commonly cited concerning the first day:
And we sailed away from Philippi after the days of unleavened bread, and came unto them to Troas in five days; where we abode seven days. And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight. And there were many lights in the upper chamber, where they were gathered together. And there sat in a window a certain young man named Eutychus, being fallen into a deep sleep: and as Paul was long preaching, he sunk down with sleep, and fell down from the third loft, and was taken up dead. And Paul went down, and fell on him, and embracing him said, Trouble not yourselves; for his life is in him. When he therefore was come up again, and had broken bread, and eaten, and talked a long while, even till break of day, so he departed.
Acts 20:7 is commonly cited, but I showed some context.
The disciples broke bread and ate on the first day of the week. This certainly does not say the sabbath was done away with. I myself would like to break bread with believers on the first day of the week. However I would also like to do so any other day of the week.
And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation. Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls. And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers. And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles. And all that believed were together, and had all things common; And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need. And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart, Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.
They did this in addition to physically resting on the sabbath which I show later in this paper. I have been accused of neglecting "sunday school assembly" partly because of my desire to meet with real Christians in homes. However this is only one scripture that shows that meeting at various times during the week, in houses, was common among real Christians mentioned in the Bible.
Also notice however that Paul was preaching at night not in "morning sunday school". The first day during daylight is for work as the ten commandments say. Also notice that this passage shows that the days of unleavened bread were being observed. The days of unleavened bread in the feast that immediately follows and is part of the passover as God commanded in the old testament.
And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S passover.
Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.
Here is another scripture concerning the first day of the week.
Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given order to the churches of Galatia, even so do ye. Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come. And when I come, whomsoever ye shall approve by your letters, them will I send to bring your liberality unto Jerusalem.
1 Corinthians 16:1-3
Paul commanded that every one of them lay by him something for the collection to the churches in Galatia. The reason is clearly given,
"that there be no gatherings when I come".
Jesus rising on the first day of the week is beautiful. This was the day of God's work in creation that he gave light, before there was a sun, moon, or stars. This reminds me of the following scripture.
For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
2 Corinthians 4:6
It took a profound work of God to save lost sinners who can not earn righteousness by their works. This also reminds me of another scripture:
For thou, LORD, hast made me glad through thy work: I will triumph in the works of thy hands.
from psalm 92
WHAT ABOUT THIS SCRIPTURE?
Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing. For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace. For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.
Some people bring up this scripture and ask something like, "What about the freedom in Christ?" They see my delight in God's law, and are concerned I somehow do not care about my freedom in Christ, or so it seems. First, I deeply appreciate my freedom in Christ. Second, what does this scripture from Galatians address? It addresses people who trust in works for JUSTIFICATION. It does not say the law of Moses is bad. What is bad is when people do not see that the law of Moses shows them they are lost sinners in need of the law of faith. Also what is bad is when those people try to do good works to try to earn justification with God. Such people are going to hell unless they repent of their trust in these dead works. There is only one way way to earn the righteousness of the law. One must obey ALL the law PERFECTLY their whole life. Only one man did this, Jesus, Emanuel, God with us.
As a born again son of God I have been freed from sin, and now have the power of God to obey the law of Moses, as God changes me, for to obey is to love, and to love is to obey.
WHAT ABOUT THIS SCRIPTURE?
Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.
Many people have said that I am wrong to want to obey the law of Moses. They often refer to the previous scripture. But the odd thing is that in doing so they are violating the spirit of that very scripture and are judging me.
I have also been told that this scripture says the law is a shadow that has passed, because it pointed to Christ coming the first time to live, die, and rise again for our sins. Is this really what that scripture says?
First: When was this written? AFTER Christ rose. When is it referring to? LATER than that point in time. The shadows are pointing to the FUTURE. What things is it pointing to? I refer you to prophesy of the FUTURE including Daniel, Hebrews, Revelations and others. The shadows do have value, they point to the future!
The following scripture is also used to say that what the law says about not eating unclean animals no longer applies.
And when he had called all the people unto him, he said unto them, Hearken unto me every one of you, and understand: There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which come out of him, those are they that defile the man. If any man have ears to hear, let him hear. And when he was entered into the house from the people, his disciples asked him concerning the parable. And he saith unto them, Are ye so without understanding also? Do ye not perceive, that whatsoever thing from without entereth into the man, it cannot defile him; Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging all meats?
I agree with Jesus. I don't think pig can defile your heart. The context has to do with Talmud/Judaism. Also while getting Leprosy or a disease from eating unclean animals does not defile my heart (unless I was being froward, and then it is the sin of frowardness not the flesh of an unclean animal that defiles my heart). This is a very important distinction. If you get leprosy you are unclean in your body, but you may be clean in your heart. If I use the accurate language of uncleanness to describe Ebola, it simply refers to disease parameters. There is the law of biological dilution. For example if someone has intimate relations with someone with AIDS once, they have a low risk of getting AIDS. However, if the practice occurs many times, then because they are willing to keep getting doses of the disease they have a much higher chance of overwhelming their immune system. Same with eating animals that are inherently unclean. God knows his science and is simply warning us about unclean animals. The reality of the diseases that can come from eating pigs, dogs, snakes, cockroaches, and more is scientific. It is not "ceremonial". Pigs could give illness before Jesus arose, and still do, simply because it is a reality of nature. On the other hand, what the Pharisees advocated (and variations of their proselytes still do today) is false.
WHAT ABOUT THIS SCRIPTURE?
Acts 10 and 11 where Peter sees the vision of the sheet let down.
This scripture also has been brought up a lot to me. The idea, so I am told, is that God declared all animals clean to eat. However this narrow idea misses several things that the passage speaks of:
There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian band, A devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway. He saw in a vision evidently about the ninth hour of the day an angel of God coming in to him, and saying unto him, Cornelius. And when he looked on him, he was afraid, and said, What is it, Lord? And he said unto him, Thy prayers and thine alms are come up for a memorial before God. And now send men to Joppa, and call for one Simon, whose surname is Peter: He lodgeth with one Simon a tanner, whose house is by the sea side: he shall tell thee what thou oughtest to do. And when the angel which spake unto Cornelius was departed, he called two of his household servants, and a devout soldier of them that waited on him continually; And when he had declared all these things unto them, he sent them to Joppa. On the morrow, as they went on their journey, and drew nigh unto the city, Peter went up upon the housetop to pray about the sixth hour: And he became very hungry, and would have eaten: but while they made ready, he fell into a trance, And saw heaven opened, and a certain vessel descending unto him, as it had been a great sheet knit at the four corners, and let down to the earth: Wherein were all manner of fourfooted beasts of the earth, and wild beasts, and creeping things, and fowls of the air. And there came a voice to him, Rise, Peter; kill, and eat. But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that is common or unclean. And the voice spake unto him again the second time, What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common. This was done thrice: and the vessel was received up again into heaven. Now while Peter doubted in himself what this vision which he had seen should mean, behold, the men which were sent from Cornelius had made enquiry for Simon's house, and stood before the gate, And called, and asked whether Simon, which was surnamed Peter, were lodged there. While Peter thought on the vision, the Spirit said unto him, Behold, three men seek thee. Arise therefore, and get thee down, and go with them, doubting nothing: for I have sent them. Then Peter went down to the men which were sent unto him from Cornelius; and said, Behold, I am he whom ye seek: what is the cause wherefore ye are come? And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that feareth God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews, was warned from God by an holy angel to send for thee into his house, and to hear words of thee. Then called he them in, and lodged them. And on the morrow Peter went away with them, and certain brethren from Joppa accompanied him. And the morrow after they entered into Caesarea. And Cornelius waited for them, and had called together his kinsmen and near friends. And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped him. But Peter took him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man. And as he talked with him, he went in, and found many that were come together. And he said unto them, Ye know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company, or come unto one of another nation; but God hath shewed me that I should not call any man common or unclean. Therefore came I unto you without gainsaying, as soon as I was sent for: I ask therefore for what intent ye have sent for me? And Cornelius said, Four days ago I was fasting until this hour; and at the ninth hour I prayed in my house, and, behold, a man stood before me in bright clothing, And said, Cornelius, thy prayer is heard, and thine alms are had in remembrance in the sight of God. Send therefore to Joppa, and call hither Simon, whose surname is Peter; he is lodged in the house of one Simon a tanner by the sea side: who, when he cometh, shall speak unto thee. Immediately therefore I sent to thee; and thou hast well done that thou art come. Now therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all things that are commanded thee of God. Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons: But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him. The word which God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:) That word, I say, ye know, which was published throughout all Judaea, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached; How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him. And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree: Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly; Not to all the people, but unto witnesses chosen before of God, even to us, who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the dead. And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead. To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word. And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost. For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God. Then answered Peter, Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we? And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days. And the apostles and brethren that were in Judaea heard that the Gentiles had also received the word of God. And when Peter was come up to Jerusalem, they that were of the circumcision contended with him, Saying, Thou wentest in to men uncircumcised, and didst eat with them. But Peter rehearsed the matter from the beginning, and expounded it by order unto them, saying, I was in the city of Joppa praying: and in a trance I saw a vision, A certain vessel descend, as it had been a great sheet, let down from heaven by four corners; and it came even to me: Upon the which when I had fastened mine eyes, I considered, and saw fourfooted beasts of the earth, and wild beasts, and creeping things, and fowls of the air. And I heard a voice saying unto me, Arise, Peter; slay and eat. But I said, Not so, Lord: for nothing common or unclean hath at any time entered into my mouth. But the voice answered me again from heaven, What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common. And this was done three times: and all were drawn up again into heaven. And, behold, immediately there were three men already come unto the house where I was, sent from Caesarea unto me. And the Spirit bade me go with them, nothing doubting. Moreover these six brethren accompanied me, and we entered into the man's house: And he shewed us how he had seen an angel in his house, which stood and said unto him, Send men to Joppa, and call for Simon, whose surname is Peter; Who shall tell thee words, whereby thou and all thy house shall be saved. And as I began to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, as on us at the beginning. Then remembered I the word of the Lord, how that he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost. Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as he did unto us, who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was I, that I could withstand God? When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.
God used Peter's repulsion of unclean animals, to make him understand that he had to be careful not to have this repulsion for saved gentiles. And Peter talked about unclean animals. I do not see in this scripture God saying to eat unclean anything, “all manner of fourfooted beasts of the earth, and wild beasts, and creeping things, and fowls of the air.” I eat all manner of such creatures that are clean. The scripture clearly shows that Peter did not suddenly think he could eat pigs. The scripture shows that the lesson Peter learned is that he should not have this repulsion for gentiles who became born again. This aversion to gentiles was Peters fault. The Bible clearly shows in the old testament that God wanted all men to be saved. Peter should have known better. Peter had a problem with such things as this following scripture shows his sin in a similar situation. And this was AFTER the vision and experience in Acts 10 above.
But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision. And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation. But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews? We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid.
The issue being dealt with in both scriptures is Peters aversion to gentiles, NOT to showing “we can now eat swine's flesh.”
Snakes, cockroaches, gerbils, vultures, mice etc. have never been considered food by God.
Jesus himself let devils kill pigs that were being herded. He also said,
If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if he ask a fish, will he for a fish give him a serpent? Or if he shall ask an egg, will he offer him a scorpion? If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?
Serpents and scorpions are unclean, yet I have heard professing Christians say these animals are good to eat. Jesus does not think so.
Southeast Asia has started many disease epidemics. Most people in that area of the world will eat ANYTHING. What often occurs is that huge outbreaks of disease will spread rapidly. This is a natural reaping of what they sowed into their bodies. Not only do they hurt themselves, they hurt others. One or more people keep harming their immune system until all the buffers built in are overwhelmed, and they violate the principal of biological dilution. This then affects others in a very harmful way also. God is against this. The biological systems from the atomic level on up are impossible for man to understand fully. They are incredibly complex and interconnected. God is smart enough to create this and understand it of course. We should acknowledge God is this wise, and we should take his commandments to heart knowing we are not as wise.
God's design for food is a blessing.
He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth; And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.
I can be thankful for the blessing of nutritious food, and still realize it is not the bread of life, Jesus. I do not need to confuse these two things. Actually, nutritious food is a good example of God using something tangible he designed, and then linking it to a spiritual truth. That in mind, Jesus is akin to the whole wheat bread made with prime nutritious ingredients, NOT nasty devalued, denatured white bread. God uses creation as a teaching tool all the time.
WHAT ABOUT THIS SCRIPTURE?
19 Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble not them, which from among the Gentiles are turned to God:
20 But that we write unto them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and from fornication, and from things strangled, and from blood.
Some say the law of Moses is no longer valid in part or whole because of this scripture. They say gentile born again believers were given this judgment to show they do not need to worry about keeping the law of Moses. This reasoning has several problems. First here is the above scripture in more context:
And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved. When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question. And being brought on their way by the church, they passed through Phenice and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles: and they caused great joy unto all the brethren. And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, and of the apostles and elders, and they declared all things that God had done with them. But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses. And the apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matter. And when there had been much disputing, Peter rose up, and said unto them, Men and brethren, ye know how that a good while ago God made choice among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should hear the word of the gospel, and believe. And God, which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as he did unto us; And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith. Now therefore why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they. Then all the multitude kept silence, and gave audience to Barnabas and Paul, declaring what miracles and wonders God had wrought among the Gentiles by them. And after they had held their peace, James answered, saying, Men and brethren, hearken unto me: Simeon hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name. And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written, After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up: That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these things. Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world. Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble not them, which from among the Gentiles are turned to God: But that we write unto them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and from fornication, and from things strangled, and from blood. For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every sabbath day.
We can see here that this issue again was Judaizers trying to affect real Christians. The issue clearly stated was:
" And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved. "
The issue addressed is works salvation. Peter rightly points out that they themselves nor their fathers could bear this lofty standard for eternal life. NO ONE can earn salvation by their works. After this was dealt with, they repeated a brief list of commands to real Christians because Moses was still preached every sabbath day. It would have unnecessary for them to repeat the entire law.
Some say that only those brief list of commands are now binding on Christians, but the context does not show this. However, if that were true then adultery, murder and many wicked sins would be permissible. It was just a brief list of some sins, not all.
WHAT ABOUT THIS SCRIPTURE?
One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard it. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks.
Does this say stop keeping the sabbath? no. Am I persuaded from the Bible? yes. Also there are issues like christmas, easter, saternalia, etc. that are not days from the law. Also of course there is the Talmud that Jesus exposed. Should people test their tradition against the Bible, yes. Should they be fully persuaded BECAUSE they are like the Bereans, and actually study things out? yes. Should they just do whatever they want WITHOUT checking the Bible, and be persuaded, because of itching ears? or "just because"? no.
also later in this chapter:
For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.
I agree with this scripture. Whole wheat sourdough bread made with prime ingredients, does nothing to make me born again, and does nothing to make me more upright in my life ("meat" roughly means food in the KJV not just clean animal flesh). It does strengthen my physical heart though.
But meat commendeth us not to God: for neither, if we eat, are we the better; neither, if we eat not, are we the worse.
1 Corinthians 8:8
This is another scripture that people have brought up to me that eating pigs and other unclean animals is nothing to worry about. The context of this scripture helps a lot, but often is ignored when people bring it up to me:
Now as touching things offered unto idols, we know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth. And if any man think that he knoweth any thing, he knoweth nothing yet as he ought to know. But if any man love God, the same is known of him. As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice unto idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is none other God but one. For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,) But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him. Howbeit there is not in every man that knowledge: for some with conscience of the idol unto this hour eat it as a thing offered unto an idol; and their conscience being weak is defiled. But meat commendeth us not to God: for neither, if we eat, are we the better; neither, if we eat not, are we the worse. But take heed lest by any means this liberty of yours become a stumblingblock to them that are weak. For if any man see thee which hast knowledge sit at meat in the idol's temple, shall not the conscience of him which is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are offered to idols; And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died? But when ye sin so against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, ye sin against Christ. Wherefore, if meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while the world standeth, lest I make my brother to offend.
1 Corinthians 8:1-13
The context shows us that this has to do with meat offered to idols, not about eating pigs or not.
If someone is poor in this sick industrialized world, and is fed white bread, and can not get the good stuff, they will miss out on vital nutrients for their physical body. But of course if they are born again, contrite, and fear God, that is far more valuable to God! We should never confuse spiritual bread with physical.
But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people: The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation. But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:
When someone accepts that the law of Moses is valid, and actually starts to learn what it says, some wonderful and surprising things may become evident. Consider just one part of the law. A descendant of Aaron (such as present day Cohens) were to follow the exact procedures in the providentially preserved tabernacle, then later the temple, to use creation, and the curse of death, with clean animals, to point to not only the fact of the Messiah, but to teach people the specific need. Not any person could do this, only descendants of Aaron. Also only the tabernacle, and the later temple were lawful. Deviating just a little bit could get you killed, for good reason. Only the perfect lawful acts pointed to Christ's death and resurrection, and other things (some yet to come).
When Christ died, the veil was rent in two. It is impossible for the specific shadows done with the temple (which did point to the death of Christ), to be done today, lawfully. God, has removed the needed temple! (I am in no way treating this topic thoroughly here, such as Hebrews speaks of) I will mention one other thing that the context here shows. There are multiple varieties of sacrifices. Now what does the new testament show (among other things) in this context. Sacrifices can purify the FLESH, as opposed to the heart. It does say this! This is gone into more detail in the law of Moses.
Is there any Mosaic instruction that I should not do?
Yes, as pointed out it would be unlawful to try and do temple sacrifices now.
Also there are specific laws for men, that woman can not lawfully try to do. Also there are specific laws for women that men can not do. The law is very specific, dealing with MANY issues of our lives, including God's created order.
WHAT ABOUT THIS SCRIPTURE?
And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses; Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it. Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind, And not holding the Head, from which all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered, and knit together, increaseth with the increase of God. Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances, (Touch not; taste not; handle not; Which all are to perish with the using;) after the commandments and doctrines of men?
There are some things about the letter to the Colossians that I do not understand, but when it talks about the gospel I do understand. One thing that this scripture warns about, as does previous scripture I referred to above is unsaved religious people, especially "Judaizers".
- Every man (male and female) is condemned under the law of Moses, for all have sinned. The purpose of the law of Moses is to show this, that they are lost, condemned to death, for all have sinned.
- A real born again child of God is free from the curse of the law, which condemns them to death because of the law of faith.
However, it is also true that a born again Christian is being changed, and may not even desire to obey the law of Moses even though they now have the power to do so. They are able to grow step by step, and learn and do more and more. However there are some Judaizers that are NOT born again that will try to condemn real Christians, saying they do not have eternal life unless they follow the perverted doctrine of Judaism (in whole or part) which basically waters down the law of Moses. Like the Pharisees, these people DO NOT keep the law of Moses. They are unashamed hypocrites. They do not have the power. Yet they trust they are keeping it for eternal life, and thus they are condemned to hell. This is very ironic. These Judaizers who do not have the power of God in their lives to obey are condemning born again children of God who do have the power to obey. We can notice that the context of scripture above shows that this is an issue being discussed concerning salvation.
- "the handwriting of ordinances that was against us" is referring to the curse of the law that shows us that for our sins we deserve to die. This judgment on our souls (for we are born again) is blotted out because Jesus took the punishment in our place, and people should trust in this and recieve the free gift of the righteousness of Jesus imputed to us. This does not mean that murder, stealing and lieing, wicked hate, and lusting after things wickedly are now blotted out. The law still measures what sin is.
- Real Christians are being warned about these people (such as Judaizers) who teach "commandments and doctrines of men" As other scriptures show, we should not be decieved by these people or their made up doctrines. Judaism or any other system of excuses is NOT from the Bible, even if they try to pretend it is from God, which they do.
I have often been shown the part of this passage that says,
" Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:"
I often have had professing Christians, as well as professing atheists, and others, refer to this scripture to say I should not worry about keeping the law of Moses. There is context. The "therefore" refers to the work of Christ that this passage had just spoken of. If an unsaved person trys to judge my salvation by WORKS even if I am disobeying God, I am not supposed to let them do this. My eternal life given to me freely because of the gospel of Jesus Christ IS NOT DEPENDENT ON MY WORKS. However as a born again child of God, being dead to sin, able to love, I WANT to grow in obedience out of a heart of love.
more examples of REAL Christians keeping the law:
Him would Paul have to go forth with him; and took and circumcised him because of the Jews which were in those quarters: for they knew all that his father was a Greek.
And Paul after this tarried there yet a good while, and then took his leave of the brethren, and sailed thence into Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in Cenchrea: for he had a vow.
Then Paul took the men, and the next day purifying himself with them entered into the temple, to signify the accomplishment of the days of purification, until that an offering should be offered for every one of them.
The apostle Paul did all these things after he was born again. This was a long time after Jesus had already risen from the dead.
Now back to the sabbath issue specifically.
Jet lag is what happens to the body of man that rapidly shifts time zones by modern airplane travel. Our bodies have complex cycles. If these cycles get disrupted we can get ill. To ignore these cycles is to ignore God's designs. Jet lag is a disruption of our daily internal cycle. But our bodies also have weekly and monthly cycles. Of all the cycles functioning in our flesh, ONLY the weekly cycle is not tied to an astronomical occurrence. However just like if you try to work two or more days strait with no sleep you can get ill, so if you work week after week with no day of rest. The Sabbath is a day for no physical work. God himself established this pattern for us on the creation week, long before he gave the law to Moses. It for the rest, refreshment of people, their children, and animals that labor (like oxen).
Origin of the sabbath: The issue of the sabbath is for our health and is sanctified because of the creation week around six thousand years ago.
And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
God also used this day for people to study his word.
The old testament tells of synagogues for this purpose having been burned.
They said in their hearts, Let us destroy them together: they have burned up all the synagogues of God in the land.
Jesus and his disciples observed the sabbath:
And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught.
And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.
And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.
And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
The apostle Paul kept the sabbath after Jesus rose again, and Gentiles who had respect unto the gospel respected the sabbath day:
But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat down. And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent unto them, saying, Ye men and brethren, if ye have any word of exhortation for the people, say on. Then Paul stood up, and beckoning with his hand said, Men of Israel, and ye that fear God, give audience.
And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath. Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the Jews and religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God. And the next sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God.
Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue of the Jews: And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures, Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ.
And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks.
Jesus referred to the sabbath in prophesy concerning a time AFTER his death and resurrection.
But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day:
Jesus said the sabbath is for man.
And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful? And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him? And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
The Pharisees are wrong (and their modern proselytes). I am not a follower of Talmud. The sabbath was made for man (as the Bible says), for which I am thankful. He is lord, and can put Talmud followers in their place. The Pharisees were condemning a lawful sabbath blessing.
worship is totally different than physical rest.
Never in the old testament did God say the sabbath was the only day to worship. Worship is not the same as rest. People should worship God everyday, yes. Before the law of Moses, before Jesus, and even for all of time.
The reason Jesus conflicted with the Pharisees over the sabbath and indeed the rest of the law of Moses was because they were altering God's law, and in fact did not actually keep the law because they were dead in their sins. They helped create Judaism which is not biblical at all. "Rabbinical" Judaism is a perversion. Jesus was very much against the Pharisee's religion, but not against the law God gave.
There are so many scriptures that testify that the law of Moses is good, including the famous one hundred and nineteenth psalm which holds it in such high regard.
Real born again believers can have the hope of being changed, sinless and perfect in eternity, by the law of faith able to keep the law of God given to Moses as a measurement. This is love:
As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness.